Drug rehabs most often get public attention when tabloid magazines report on celebrities who seek treatment. In fact, drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers aren’t just the province of A-listers. Drug abuse disorders affect all demographics, races, and socioeconomic groups. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, since 2001 drug overdoses have increased 137%. 47, 055 drug overdose deaths occurred in the United States in 2014 alone.
To combat the problem of drug abuse, rehabilitation clinics and centers exist to support individuals in their recovery from addiction and drug abuse disorders. While individual rehab centers can vary in their approach, they all aim to create a beneficial environment, in which addicts can recover from the psychological and physiological effects of addiction and begin building drug-free lives.
Benefits of Rehabs
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the “cost to society” of drug abuse exceeded $193 billion annually as of 2007, including the costs of trials, incarcerations, and handling of drug-related cases. This is the last available estimate. In human and economic terms, drug abuse is a major concern affecting all aspects of society. Drug rehabilitation clinics exist to address the issue by providing treatment at the individual level.
Rehabilitation centers aim to ensure the former drug users not only discard their drug abuse habits, but never relapse. For this reason, most programs are designed to last more than 90 days. Instead of offering a stopgap measure, the essence of rehab is to instill permanent change.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, it’s necessary to view addiction and drug abuse recovery in the same way as chronic diseases. Instead of expecting to simply erase a problem, rehabilitation programs aim to start off a continuous process of self-evaluation. Upon leaving rehab centers, individuals are encouraged to continually reassess their condition. Instead of looking for an external “fix,” participants are taught to understand their condition as a disease and play an active role in both monitoring their own tendencies and reaching out for help, as needed.
Principles of Rehabilitation
While rehabilitation programs vary widely in their approaches, a few principles typify the experience, according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse. Most programs are designed with the following principles in mind:
- Drug abuse and addiction is a complex disease with psychological, physiological, and behavioral effects.
- Effective treatment depends on the individual, and no single treatment method is best for everyone.
- Continuous assessment and self-assessment is necessary throughout the duration of rehabilitation treatment and into the future.
Rehabs help recovering individuals by offering an alternate environment in which old patterns can be overcome. When successful, rehabilitation programs address all the elements of drug abuse – psychologically, physiologically, and behaviorally. Whether an inpatient or outpatient program, the most vital element is perhaps finding the right program for each individual’s needs.