The Turmoil of Drug Addiction
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The Turmoil of Drug Addiction
The average drug addict will maintain about one year of substance abuse before their finances, friendships, and family dissolves. The person is left with fewer means to obtain their drug of choice. Harsher consequences often lead to homelessness, injury and crime. Drug addiction turmoil is a severe form of physiological dependence. It manifests in compulsive and repetitive behaviors regardless of the adverse side effects caused by those behaviors. Addiction can predispose itself to any habit and hobby. Otherwise natural and healthy habits like eating, intercourse, and exercise can become dangerous repetitions for people who have predilections for addictive behaviors.
Drinking and gambling are common forms of addiction that leave people in financial ruin with dysfunctional lives. Perhaps the most dangerous addiction is the compulsive use of drugs which are dangerous in moderation, and fatal in excess. The fact that so many drugs contain addictive substances complicates the situation, creating drug addiction turmoil with addictive behaviors in otherwise balanced physiologies and drawing hundreds of thousands more into the endless loop of addiction.
- In 2010, over 20 million people above the age of 12 needed treatment for substance abuse.
- Almost 5 million emergency department visits a year are for drug-related problems.
- Tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs have run up over $600 million in healthcare costs.
- More than 60 million prescriptions for Valium were given out by American doctors, highlighting an increasing problem involving drug addictions to prescription medications.
Although recreational use of cocaine and heroin has been contained since the explosion during the 1970s and 80s, they are still widely circulated and illegally available from drug dealers whose businesses have increased their revenue thanks to the introduction of crystal methamphetamine, which has become a drug epidemic unto itself. The worldwide production of meth is estimated at 500 metric tons every year serving over 24 million users. In 2008, 13 million United States citizens used meth, with half a million addicts returning for repeat business. States like New Mexico, Arizona, and California have been ravaged by the drug, while populations in Hawaii report as much as 50% of addicts in rehabilitation centers citing meth as their primary addiction.
The preponderance of prescription opioids has resulted in the drug addiction turmoil of millions addicted to painkillers. Prescription stimulants like Ritalin and Adderall have become the drugs of choice in many universities, and although they account for a small portion of new addictions, the rise in the popularity and accessibility of stimulants does not bode well for future generations. Depressants like Xanax and Valium are also responsible for a slice of the prescription drug market, prescribed to treat sleep disorders and anxiety problems but widely circulating through underground markets and independent suppliers courtesy of their addictive properties.